Will all human beings enter Paradise in the end?


salamu alaikom wa rahmatu allah, Sidi Gibril Haddad,

I love to listen to Shaykh Sidi Noor Kabbani and his sohbas and have very fruitful experiences after listening to him. Yesterday i listened to this suhba

And he said something there which is contrary to what i have learned in aqida books about the disbelievers that they will be eternal in hellfire, but the shaykh says at the end they will enter Paradise because all the Children of Adam will enter Paradise at the end. I tried to make tawil but i cant find any. Can you please clarify jzk


Waalaykumussalam warahmatullah.

I could not find anywhere in the above recording where Dr. Nour says “the disbelievers will enter Paradise” or “all the Children of Adam will enter Paradise at the end.” He did say while discussing al-Rahman and al-Rahim that “in the end everybody will enter Paradise.” Many interpretations of that are possible. For example:

(i) “everybody who says La ilaha illallah” as in the many Prophetic Hadiths stating so verbatim;

or (ii) “everybody in creation if Allah decides, because He can” as understood in the same way as Sayyidina Umar (rady Allahu `anhu) said: “Truly Allah the Exalted, if He wants, will enter all His creation into Paradise with one hand.” And the Prophet (salla Allahu `alayhi wa sallam) approved.

قَالَ عُمَرُ: إِنَّ اللهَ عَزَّ وَجَلَّ إِنْ شَاءَ أَدْخَلَ خَلْقَهُ الجَنَّةَ بِكَفٍّ وَاحِدَةٍ. فَقَالَ النَّبِيُّ ﷺ صَدَقَ عُمَرُ. رواه أحمد وعبد الرزاق بإسناد صحيح على شرط الشيخين

or (iii) “everybody including mushriks might enter Paradise as a rational possibility (عقلاً), not a legal one (لا شرعاً)” as indicated by Shihab al-Din al-Khafaji in his Hashiya ala Tafsir al-Baydawi (Khedive edition 3:306): “It is stipulated in the books of kalām that the forgiveness of shirk ⁽polytheism⁾ is rationally possible for us (Ahl al-Sunna wal-Jama`ah).”

وفي كتب الكلام أنّ غفران الشرك جائز عقلاً عندنا

Furthermore, Shaykh Nour’s focus is Adab not `Aqida. It is to keep respect with Allah’s creation. He said Sayyidina Isa `alayhis-salam represents the adab of Awliya in the way he looks at all humanity as capable of being saved in his du`aa that he quoted from the Qur’an:

إِن تُعَذِّبْهُمْ فَإِنَّهُمْ عِبَادُكَ وَإِن تَغْفِرْ لَهُمْ فَإِنَّكَ أَنتَ الْعَزِيزُ الْحَكِيمُ

 If You should punish them – indeed they are Your servants; but if You forgive them – indeed it is You who is the Exalted in Might, the Wise. (Surat Al-Ma’idah, 5:118)

But even as for its understanding in `Aqida it is also the Ash`ari position, for as you know, no one can say “I am a Mu’min for sure” until they are Mu’min at the time of death. This is why we say “I’m a Mu’min in sha Allah,” and all my fellow human beings can be Mu’min in sha Allah and maybe better Mu’mins than you and me in the end.


Hajj Gibril Haddad

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